E is always less than or equal to Eo, so the dielectric constant is greater than or equal to 1. The larger the dielectric constant, the more charge can be stored. Completely filling the space between capacitor plates with a dielectric increases the capacitance by a factor of the dielectric constant * The relative permittivity, or dielectric constant, of a material is its permittivity expressed as a ratio relative to the vacuum permittivity*. Permittivity is a material property that affects the Coulomb force between two point charges in the material. Relative permittivity is the factor by which the electric field between the charges is decreased relative to vacuum. Likewise, relative permittivity is the ratio of the capacitance of a capacitor using that material as a dielectric.

Dielectric constant (Dk or relative permittivity) is a parameter that design engineers use constantly, often without fully understanding it. Every material has a dielectric constant, even air (slightly more than unity) ** dielectric constants of common materials materials deg**. f dielectric constant benzyl chloride 68 6.4 benzyl cyanide 68 18.3 benzyl cyanide 155 6 benzyl salicylate 68 4.1 benzylamine 68 4.6 benzylethylamine 68 4.3 benzylmethylamine 67 4.4 beryl 6 biphenyl 20 biwax 2.5 bleaching powder 4.5 bone black 5.0-6.0 bornyl acetate 70 4.6 boron bromide 32 2. The dielectric constant (Dk) of a plastic or dielectric or insulating material can be defined as the ratio of the charge stored in an insulating material placed between two metallic plates to the charge that can be stored when the insulating material is replaced by vacuum or air. It is also called as electric permittivity or simply permittivity List of dielectric constants Substance Substanz Dielectric Constant Cyanogen Cyan 2,5 Decalin Decalin 2,1 Degalan Degalan 3,1 Desmodur Desmodur 10,0 Diacetone alcohol Diacetonalkohol 18,2 Diamylether Diamylether 3,0 Diatomaceous earth Kieselgur 1,4 Dibenzofuran (100°C) Dibenzofuran (100°C) 3,0 Dibenzyl (60°C) Dibenzyl (60°C) 2,

* Values presented here are relative dielectric constants (relative permittivities)*. As indicated by e r = 1.00000 for a vacuum, all values are relative to a vacuum. Multiply by ε 0 = 8.8542 x 10 -12 F/m (permittivity of free space) to obtain absolute permittivity. Dielectric constant is a measure of the charge retention capacity of a medium 1 Solventmp bpD 4 20 n D 20 ε R D µ Acetic acid 17 118 1.049 1.3716 6.15 12.9 1.68 Acetone -95 56 0.788 1.3587 20.7 16.2 2.85 Acetonitrile -44 82 0.782 1.3441 37.5 11.1 3.4 Vacuum permittivity, commonly denoted ε 0 (pronounced as epsilon nought or epsilon zero) is the value of the absolute dielectric permittivity of classical vacuum.Alternatively it may be referred to as the permittivity of free space, the electric constant, or the distributed capacitance of the vacuum.It is an ideal (baseline) physical constant there is a good chance that the Dielectric Constant may be different from the values listed. Dielectric Constant (k) is a number relating the ability of a material to carry alternating current to the ability of vacuum to carry alternating current.€ The capacitance created by the presence of the material is directly related to the Dielectric Constant of the material. Alphabetic Table Knowing the Dielectric Constant (k) of a material is needed to properl

- The dielectric constant - also called the relative permittivity indicates how easily a material can become polarized by imposition of an electric field on an insulator. Relative permittivity is the ratio of the permittivity of a substance to the permittivity of space or vacuum.. Relative permittivity can be expressed as ε r = ε / ε 0 (1).
- The value of the static dielectric constant of any material is always greater than one, its value for a vacuum. The value of the dielectric constant at room temperature (25 °C, or 77 °F) is 1.00059 for air , 2.25 for paraffin , 78.2 for water , and about 2,000 for barium titanate (BaTiO 3 ) when the electric field is applied perpendicularly to the principal axis of the crystal
- The dielectric constant (Dk) of a plastic or dielectric or insulating material can be defined.
- List of Dielectric Constants The following list of dielectric constants is based on approximate values for the substance listed in its natural state. These values are for informat ional purposes only. The list should be used as a guide to help the user find the appropriate instrument type,.

- Dielectric constant is the ratio of the capacitance formed by two plates with a material between them to the capacitance of the same plates with air as the dielectric. For low megahertz, frequencies are less than are equal to 1,000 MHz. For high megahertz, frequencies are greater than 1,000 MHz
- Thus, The value of a dielectric constant is always greater than 1. The greater the value of.
- ds including physicists, electrical engineers, material scientists, and more recently, biologists. But what is dielectric? A dielectric is an insulating material with a poor conductor of electricity but with the.
- In the table are given the values of the dielectric constant of some solids, liquids and gases for constant electric fields or for small frequencies, when the wavelength is infinitely large. Gases are assumed to be at atmospheric pressure; the temperature, including the values of ε indicated
- Dielectric Constants at 20°C The dielectric constant k is the relative permittivityof a dielectricmaterial. It is an important parameter in characterizing capacitors. It is unfortunate that the same symbol k is often used for Coulomb's constant, so one must be careful of this possible confusion
- dielectric-constant values is simple (and therefore widely usable) and the results of the TP model are very similar to observed values. The mathematical equation describing the TP dielectric mixing model is: r = [ V i (ri)0.5]2, (1) where V i and ri are the bulk volume fraction and dielectric constant, respectively, of the ith component (Knoll, 1996)
- The dielectric constant can be expressed as ε = εs / ε0 (1

- The dielectric constant is a simple number that is the relative ratio of the speed of an electric field in a material compared to the speed of the electric field in a vacuum. In general, the value of the dielectric constant varies with the frequency of the applied electric field
- 3 Introduction to the manual of dielectric values The relative dielectric constant (the DC-value) of liquids and bulk solids can - next to other influencing factors - be deci
- The static dielectric constant is the sum of the electronic and lattice contributions, κ = κ e + κ l. The electronic component κ e is also the optical dielectric constant ε ∞ and it equals the square of the refractive index, n - κ e = ε ∞ = n2. ε ∞ values are typically 4-5 for the wide gap oxides of interest
- ing the
**dielectric****constant**for paraffin wax I bought. - Dielectric Constant (Permitivity) In Electromagnetism, permittivity is one of the fundamental material parameters, which affects the propagation of Electric Fields. The E-field due to a single point charge of value q [C] at a distance R placed in vacuum is: Save

Search or Browse Our Site. Automotive Aviation Business Communications Computer Construction Electronic The dielectric constants of powders and flaked materials are significantly smaller than [the established values for the same materials a solid. For example, although the dielectric constant of PVC is 5.8 to 6.4, powdered The constant for PVC is approximately 1.3 to 1.5 Dielectrics having a value of dielectric constant k x 8.854 F/cm more than that of silicon nitride (k > 7) are classified as high dielectric constant materials, while those with a value of k less than the dielectric constant of sil-icon dioxide (k < 3.9) are classified as the low dielectric constant materials. The minimum value of (k) is one for air. Th Dielectric Constant Chart - KAB ELECTRO constants of common materials materials deg. f dielectric constant abs resin, lump 2.4-4.1 abs resin, pellet 1.5-2.5 acenaphthene 70 3 acetal Documents Low Dielectric Constant Low Dissipation Factor.

The value of the dielectric constant for the mineral powder is com-puted from the volumes of the two liquids used. Hatfield considers the value of e to be a straight-line function of the amounts of the constitu-ents. This relation is sufficiently accurate for most liquid combination Material Formula Dielectric constant @1kHz Dielectric constant @1MHz Dielectric strength kV mm-1 Dissipation factor @ 1kHz Dissipation factor @ 1MHz Surface resistivity Ohm/sq Volume resistivity Ohm/cm Polyamide - Nylon 6, 6 - 30% Glass Fiber Reinforced PA 6,6 30% GFR - 3.9-5.7 - - - - 1012-101 Dielectric constant is the ability of a certain material, under the influence of an electric field, to store electrical potential energy. Polarity is the condition or quality of a body that has opposite powers or properties in opposite directions or parts or that exhibits contrasted powers or properties in contrasted parts or directions Dielectric constant 3.9 7.5 D. Physical Constants Symbol Name Value q magnitude of electronic charge 1.602 x 10-19 C M0 electron mass in free space 9.109 x 10-31 kg Eo permittivity of vacuum 8.854 x 10-14 F/cm k Boltzmann's constant 1.381 x 10-23 J/K 8.617 x 10-5 eV/

- The dielectric permittivity can be calculated from conductivity through relation ε = 1 +i*σ/ (δωε 0), where δ is a thickness of the graphene layer. Conductivity σ is calculated using random phase..
- It is an ideal (baseline) physical constant. Its CODATA value is: ε 0 = 8.854 187 8128 (13) × 10 −12 F⋅m −1 (farads per meter), with a relative uncertainty of 1.5 × 10 −10. It is the capability of an electric field to permeate a vacuum. This constant relates the units for electric charge to mechanical quantities such as length and force
- If you say dielectric constant as e = sqrt(e' 2 +e 2); then contribution of e is eually affect the value of e as e' can. As mentioned by Dr. Nobre conductivity is proportional to e
- It is also known as relative permittivity. We know that the capacitance of a capacitor depends upon the surface area of plates, the thickness of the dielectric and also on the nature of the material of the dielectric (i.e. dielectric constant). From experiments, it is found that if the air is replaced by a dielectric of dielectric constant k in a capacitor, the value of capacitance is largely.
- •The dielectric constant, κ, is a physical measure of the electric polarizability of a material •Electric polarizability is the tendency of a material to allow an externally applied electric field to induce electric dipoles (separated positive and negative charges) in the material. Polarization P is related to the electric field E and th

This application is aimed to calculate the dielectric properties of human body tissues in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 100 GHz using the parametric model and the parameter values developed by C.Gabriel and collegues (see Credits and References below) dielectric constant was found to have the value 78.30, which is about 0.3 percent lower than t hat usually accepted. The data fit the equation E= 87. 740- 0.400081+ 9.398(10-4)tL 1.410(10-6)13, with a maximum deviation of 0.01 unit in dielectric constant. The experimental method and sources of error are considered in some detail. 1. Introductio The dielectric constant of the material between the two plates governs the levels of capacitance achievable It is that property of a dielectric material that determines how much electrostatic energy can be stored per unit of volume when unit voltage is applied, and as a result it is of great importance for capacitors and capacitance calculations and the like VALUE: UNITS: Dielectric Constant at 300 K: 11.9 : Effective density of states (conduction, N c T=300 K ) 2.8x10 19: cm-3: Effective density of states (valence, N v T=300 K ) 1.04x10 19: cm-3: Electron affinity: 133.6: kJ / mol: Energy Gap E g at 300 K (Minimum Indirect Energy Gap at 300 K) 1.12: eV: Energy Gap E g at ca. 0 K (Minimum Indirect.

- ed as 4,79 and dielectric constant calculated from amplitudes was 3,46
- I think dieletric constant for FR4 is 4.5 in inner layer's 2GHz .It maybe decrease to 4.2 when frequency up to 10GHz. If you want to design a microtrip the effcient dieletric constant is 2/3 of it due to the surface air is 1
- ate refers to a measure of the capacitance or energy between a pair of conductors in the vicinity of the la
- vacuum as the dielectric. Typical values of ε for dielectrics are: Material DIELECTRIC CONSTANT (ε) Vacuum 1.000 Dry Air 1.0059 Barium Titanate 100-1250 Glass 3.8-14.5 Quartz 5 Mica 4-9 Water distilled 34-78 Soil dry 2.4-2.9 Titanium dioxide 100 Dielectric constant ( ε) is given by C0 C ε = , t A C 0 0 ε = Wher
- Calcium Copper Titanate (CCTO) has dielectric constant of over 10,000, and even more at higher frequencies. People are working to make supercapacitors with it. However there are limitations to its use, and it may take quite some time for it to hap..
- The dielectric constant is generally defined to be [latex]\kappa=\frac{E_0}{E}\\[/latex], or the ratio of the electric field in a vacuum to that in the dielectric material, and is intimately related to the polarizability of the material
- ation is estimated to be less than 0.005 unit

The dielectric constant is the ratio of the permittivity of a substance to the permittivity of free space. Capacity of a capacitor depends on the dielectric constant. It is known that the value of the capacity of a capacitor is given by the following formula: C = Q / V The dielectric constant (that is, the relative dielectric constant) refers to the basic electric constant characteristic of insulating substances, regardless of whether they are gases, liquids, or solids.Each substance has its own unique dielectric constant. Its value is determined how electrons in the substance respond when they are subjected. Because dielectric studies evidenced low values of dielectric constant, the sample was additionally annealed during two hours at 900°C. The comparison of frequency representation for TiO 2 -(3) annealed at 850°C and 900°C and measured at 20°C allowed observing an increase of and the lowering of tan values in the case of sample annealed at higher temperature (data presented in Table 1 )

- Donate here: http://www.aklectures.com/donate.phpWebsite video: http://www.aklectures.com/lecture/dielectrics-and-dielectric-constantFacebook link: https://w..
- e the capacitance of a capacitor include the spacing between the electrodes and the effective plate area
- When we put a dielectric slab in between two plates of a parallel plate capacitor, the ratio of the applied electric field strength to the strength of the reduced value of electric field capacitor is called the dielectric constant. It is given as K = E o /
- Since the dielectric constant is just a ratio of two similar quantities, it is dimensionless. Given its definition, the dielectric constant of vacuum is 1. A ny material is able to polarize more than vacuum, so the k of a material is always > 1. Note that the dielectric constant is also a function of.
- Dielectric Constants Common Name Chemical Formula State Degrees F Dielectric Constant (Ethylenedioxy)diethanol-2,2` 68 23.69 ABS Resin 2.4 ABS Resin, lump 2.4-4.1 ABS Resin, pellet Solid 1.5-2.5 Acatic.Acid (36degrees F) Solid 4.1 Acenaphthene C10H6(CH2)2 Solid 70 3 Acetal MeCH(OEt)2 Liquid 70 3.6 Acetal Bromide 16.5 Acetal Doxime 68 3.
- Dielectric Constants of Various Materials Material Min. Max. Air 1 1 Amber 2.6 2.7 Asbestos fiber 3.1 4.8 Bakelite 5 22 Barium Titanate 100 1250 Beeswax 2.4 2.8 Cambric 4 4 Carbon Tetrachloride 2.17 2.17 Celluloid 4 4 Cellulose Acetate 2.9 4.5 Durite 4.7 5.1 Ebonite 2.7 2.7 Epoxy.
- $\begingroup$ 2 comments about this question: (1) Dielectric constant is an average value but solvents can have different values along their structure; (2) water is a fantastic solvent for polar compounds but maybe water is not such a wonderful solvent and life (as we know it) evolved around water and created mostly water-soluble compounds. $\endgroup$ - SteffX Jun 12 '19 at 14:4

Relative dielectric constant of PCB materials and corresponding velocity values (Note: The pSEC columns should be multiplied by 10) Notice the qualifier at the bottom of this figure states that the dielectric constant is a function of the glass-to-resin ratio and the signal frequency Implicit methods for modeling protein electrostatics require **dielectric** properties of the system to be known, in particular, the **value** of the **dielectric** **constant** of protein. While numerous **values** of the internal protein **dielectric** **constant** were reported in the literature, still there is no consensus of what the optimal **value** is. Perhaps this is due to the fact that the protein **dielectric**. values must be combined in a fundamentally sound manner to obtain accurate dielectric constants of mixtures. In this work, we ﬁrst produce correlations for the static dielectric constant of various pure components; these correlations are based on theoretical considerations to the extent possible. We then apply a previ

Determination of Dielectric Constant for a Given MaterialPlease watch edited video on https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUYXBCBUYO8Read More : http://www.uniwi.. This dielectric constant value is 1.75 times that of PVDF, which is a well-known high-K polymer. The observed high dielectric constant agrees with the data reported for similar materials [14]. The large dispersion of the dielectric constant of pure CR-S is also evident from the ﬁgure. The dielectric constant begins to decrease signiﬁcantly a Dielectric Constant Units: This electrical property is a dimensionless measure. The most generally used standard tests to calculate dielectric constant for plastics are ASTM D2520, ASTM D150 or IEC 60250 (of course there exist several other methods as well, but they are not discussed here) Boundary Value Problems with Dielectrics Consider a point charge embedded in a semi-infinite dielectric medium of dielectric constant , and located a distance from a plane interface that separates the first medium from another semi-infinite dielectric medium of dielectric constant . Suppose that the interface coincides with the plane

The dielectric constant of FR4 ranges from 3.8 to 4.8, depending on the glass weave style, thickness, resin content, and copper foil roughness. In addition to the dielectric constant of FR4, the arrangement of traces and planes on a PCB laminate determine the effective dielectric constant for signals travelling in an interconnect Table 1-Dielectric constants of Different Materials* Material Vacuum Air Typical Plastics Natural Rubber Glass Mica Aluminum Oxide (Alumina) Water: Dk 1.000 1.0006 2 to 5 3 4 to 7 5 to 9 8 to 10 80 *Values supplied by Joseph P. Curilla, Electronics Consulting Laboratory The relative dielectric constant, K, is the ratio of , the amount of charge that an element constructed from the ceramic material can store, relative to the absolute dielectric constant, 0 , the charge that can be stored by the same electrodes when separated by a vacuum, at equal voltage (0 = 8.85 x 10-12 farad / meter) This value is approximately constant over a wide range of frequencies. The microstrip line for this type of substrates can be considered lossless at frequencies to several gigahertz. On the other hand, the relative dielectric constant of the epoxy-glass substrate was found to be dependent upon frequency Table 4-1.—Dielectric Constants of Materials Material Dielectric constant (Approx.) Material Dielectric constant (Approx.) Air 1.0 Lucite 2.5 Amber 2.6-2.7 Mica (electrical) 4.0-9.0 Asbestos Fiber 3.1-4.8 Mica (clear India) 7.5 Bakelite (asbestos base) 5.0-22 Mica (filled phenolic) 4.2-5.2 Bakelite (mica filled) 4.5-4.8 Micaglass (titanium dioxide) 9.0-9.3 Barium Titanate 100-1250 Micarta 3.

The GW seawater dielectric constant data are plotted as a red line in Figures 8a-8d. The real and imaginary parts of the dielectric constant are plotted versus temperature for each of the four seawater salinities measured. At each measured temperature, the plotted data value corresponds to the average of three to five consecutive measurements 1-While the dielectric constant of the metals is usually reported infinity, how can it be assumed 1 (even at low frequencies)? 2-What is the difference between a metal and vacuum if 1 is considered as the dielectric constant of the metal? I do really appreciate it if you resolve my ambiguity about this issue. Cheers The dielectric constant of quartz glass has a value of about 4 which is significantly lower than that of other glasses. heraeus-quarzglas.com D i e dielektrische Konstante von Qu arzgl äs ern liegt b ei eine m Wert v on et wa 4 und somit signifikant u nt er d em Wert an dere r Gläser ist

dielectric constant to its accurate value IV. CONCLUSIONS In this paper, a practical and accurate method for the determination of the dielectric constant of PCB substrates is presented. The method utilizes the microstrip bandpass filters designed for a center frequency at which the dielectric constant value is to be found Dielectric constant is proportional to the ratio of polarization density (P) and electric field (E) which means dielectric constant is inversely proportional to electric field. The Electric field (E) inside a conductor is always zero under the static situation so the dielectric constant for conductor is infinite

= 8.85e-12 F/m (absolute dielectric constant free space) Often, resistivity is specified instead of conductivity. The relationship between resistivity and conductivity is. Resistivety is usually specified in cm, conductivity is specified in S/m. Example: A typical value for resistivity of a Silicon material is = 10 c DIELECTRIC STRENGTH OF INSULATING MATERIALS L. I. Berger greater dielectric constant than that of the main liquid, In the following tables, the dielectric strength values are for room temperature and normal atmospheric pressure, unless indicated otherwise ε r is the relative permittivity of the insulator material also commonly known as dielectric constant (now deprecated); values of the dielectric constant of common dielectrics used in coaxial cables are 2.2-2.36 for polypropylene, 2.1 for PTFE/Teflon, and 2.25 for polyethylene. The formula above is used in our calculator The dielectric constant is always greater than or equal to 1.0. This means the E-field in Equation [2] is always reduced relative to what the E-field would be in free space [Equation 1]. The permittivity is a measure of this reduction. The permittivity of common materials is given in Table 1. TABLE I. Common Values for the Dielectric Constant

The value for the dielectric constant on the copper layers in the cross section form is the value of the pre-preg material that flows around the copper traces. I.e. the dielectric of the parts of the layer that aren't copper.-----Ron Dallas Design Technology Group, Teradyne, Inc. ph: 978-370-2585 e. Dielectric Constant (Relative Permittivity) The dielectric constant is defined as the ratio of the permittivity of the material to the permittivity of free space. This is generally measured well below the mechanical resonance. The dielectric constant is derived from the static capacitance measurements at 1 kHz using a standard impedance bridge

Table A.11 Optical constant at the specific wavelength of CZTS and CZTSe at 300K Parameter CZTS CZTSe Real dielectric constant ε 1 8.0 a 10.5a 7.7 b8.4 Real refractive index n 2.8a 3.2a 2.8b 3.0b Absorption coefficient α (cm−1) 6.7×103a 3.0×104a 1.2×105b 2.3×105b See details in Tables C.4 (CZTS) and C.5 (CZTSe). a At λ~1μm Dielectric Constant • The dielectric constant of the electrical-insulating materials ranges from: ¾ a low of about 2 or less for materials with lowest electrical-loss characteristics, ¾ up to 10 or so for materials with highest electrical losse Tissue dielectric constant (TDC) values are quantifiable measures of localized skin tissue water and may be able to detect trunk lymphedema. The goal of this study was to (1) compare parameters derived from TDC measurements with those derived from clinically accepted criteria for trunk lymphedema in women following breast cancer surgery and (2). Dielectric Constants, Attenuation, and Conductivity Values for Materials From Various Sources (Multiple entries reflect different references. Values are obtained from internet sites and other sources open to the public. This chart does not validate if the GPR velocity, dielectric constants, attenuation, o

Optical constants of Au (Gold) Johnson and Christy 1972: n,k 0.188-1.937 µ Dielectric strength is not a constant value for materials. With dynamic stress the presence of impurities has almost no effect on dielectric strength of transformer oil. A theory is adopted that the mechanism of breakdown at dynamic (pulse) stress and at prolonged exposure has different nature All dielectric materials are insulators, but a good dielectric is one which is easily polarized. The amount of polarization which occurs when a certain voltage is applied to an object influences the amount of electrical energy that is stored in the electric field. This is described by the dielectric constant of the material

The dielectric constant of all materials is compared with that of a vacuum. Thus, if a particular dielectric material has a k value of 6.5, it will produce 6.5 times more capacity than if a vacuum were used in the same-size capacitor Most PCB dielectric materials have a thermal conductivity in the range of 0.3 to 0.6 W/M-ºC, which is quite low compared to copper, whose k is 386 W/M-ºC. Therefore, more heat will be carried away quickly by copper plane layers in a PCB than by the dielectric material. Electrical Properties. Dielectric Constant or Relative Permittivity (Er or Dk The dielectric to be used in a parallel-plate capacitor has a dielectric constant of 3.60 and a dielectric strength of 1. 6 0 × 1 0 7 V / m. The capacilnr is to have a capacitance of 1. 2 5 × 1 0 − 9 F and must be able to u withstand a maximum potential difference of 5500 V. The minimum area the plates of the capacitor may have is equal to. This article provides a detailed overview on zirconia. It covers the stabilisation or zirconia to produce optimal properties and details several applications for the material such as blades, seals, valves, pumps, implants, refractories and electronics The dielectric constant of most silicon nitride materials is greater than 7. Although it is suitable for many applications, a lower dielectric constant is often preferred. ATC has developed a low dielectric constant silicon nitride called R educed-Density I njection-Moldable P ressureless- S intered Silicon Nitride ( RIPS) that has a dielectric constant which is tailorable over the range of 4.

In the centimetre-gram-second (cgs) system, the value of the permittivity of free space ε 0 is chosen arbitrarily to be 1. Thus, the permittivity ε and the dielectric constant κ in the cgs system are identical; both of them are dimensionless numbers. This article was most recently revised and updated by William L. Hosch, Associate Editor Dielectric Constant (DK) Arc resistance Seconds 60 min. 125 2.5.1 UL-746A ASTM D3638 175-250 (CL=3) Comparative Tracking Index (CTI) Volts - 2.4.4 2.6.2.1 2.4.8 Test Method (IPC-TM-650 or As noted) 6.0 (1.05) 8.0(1.40) Lb/inch (N/mm) Peel Strength (spec minimum) 50,000 min. 60,000 min. 0.35 max. Specification Typical Value Property UNITS 60,000. 3.1. Dielecric Constant with Frequency . The effect of frequency on the real dielectric constant (ε') can be seen from . Figure 2. and that the value of dielectric constant decreases continuously with increasing frequency. The decrease in the values of dielectric constant as the frequency increases can be due to electron exchange in- teraction. Dielectric constant of several polymers and inorganic materials. (Adapted from Ref 3) 1.2. Application of polymeric dielectric materials. Both dielectrics with low and high dielectric constant are essential in electronic industries. Low dielectric constant is required basically as insulators. They are known as passivation materials Interconnect isolation materials must have low relative dielectric constants (κ values), serve as diffusion barriers against the migration of metal into semiconductors, and be thermally. The ceramic capacitor gains its name from the fact that it uses ceramic materials for its dielectric. Within the ceramic capacitor family there are many forms of ceramic dielectric that are used: common types include C0G, NP0, X7R, Y5V, Z5U, although there are many more